Embryonic Stem Cell-like Population Within Venous Malformation Expresses the Renin-Angiotensin System

Authors: Elysia M.S. Tan, Helen D. Brasch, Paul F. Davis, Tinte Itinteang and Swee T. Tan

PRS Global Open (2019).10.1097/GOX.0000000000002170. https://journals.lww.com/prsgo/Abstract/latest/Embryonic_Stem_Cell_like_Population_within_Venous.98030.aspx

Venous (vein) malformation is the most common type of vascular abnormality. These defective veins affect about 1% of the population and, although present a birth, may not be noticed until later. They frequently involve the skin and occasionally muscle. About 40% occur in the head and neck, with another 40% found in the extremities and 20% on the trunk.

Generally management of venous malformations is unsatisfactory. The basis of them is poorly understood but mutations of several different genes have been proposed.

GMRI researchers have recently demonstrated the activity of the renin-angiotensin system in these lesions. This system is well-known as a regulator of blood pressure. As a result of this finding there is the prospect of being able to control the development of this condition by means of inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system. This paper establishes that this system is located in the stem cells of the venous malformations. The finding provides a basis for proposing that the use of renin-angiotensin inhibitors may be beneficial for the treatment of venous malformations.